Upgrade to Pro — share decks privately, control downloads, hide ads and more …

AWS CDKのあるあるお悩みに答えたい

AWS CDKのあるあるお悩みに答えたい

AWS CDKを開発する時、開発者は様々な意思決定に直面するでしょう。例えばどの言語を使うか、スタックの分け方、テスト方法、複数環境の定義方法などはその一例です。この発表ではそれらについて取りうる選択肢をメリット・デメリットとともに紹介し、各プロジェクトで最適な意思決定をするための考え方を整理することを目指します。

AWS CDK Conference Japan 2023で発表しました。https://jawsug-cdk.connpass.com/event/278205/

Masashi Tomooka

May 20, 2023
Tweet

More Decks by Masashi Tomooka

Other Decks in Programming

Transcript

  1. 2023/05/20 AWS CDK CONFERENCE JAPAN ͋Δ͋Δ͓೰Έʹ౴͍͑ͨ
    © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates.
    Twitter: #jawsug_cdk
    © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates.
    AWS CDKͷ͋Δ͋Δ͓೰Έʹ౴͍͑ͨ
    ։ൃ࣌ͷҙࢥܾఆΛߴ଎Խ͢ΔͨΊʹ
    ༑Ԭ խࢤ
    Prototyping Engineer
    Amazon Web Services Japan G.K.

    View full-size slide

  2. 2023/05/20 AWS CDK CONFERENCE JAPAN ͋Δ͋Δ͓೰Έʹ౴͍͑ͨ
    © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates.
    Twitter: #jawsug_cdk
    ࠓ೔ͷ͓࿩
    AWS CDK (ҎԼCDK) ։ൃʹؔ͢ΔFAQʹରͯ͠ ౴͑ ߟ͑ํͷےಓΛࣔ͢
    Ͱ͖Δ͚ͩCDK։ൃ࣌ʹ೰Ή࣌ؒΛݮΒͤΕ͹޾͍Ͱ͢ʂ
    ର৅ࢹௌऀ: CDK։ൃऀ͸ͲͳͨͰ΋
    (CDK׬શॳ৺ऀͷํ͸ɺগ͠׳Ε͖ͯͨࠒʹݟฦ͢ͷ͕Φεεϝ)
    ୠ͠ॻ͖
    • ίʔσΟϯά্ͷ׳श͸͠͹͠͹ਓʹΑΓҙݟ͕෼͔ΕΔ෦෼Ͱ͢
    • ίϯςΩετͷҧ͍ / ఆྔԽͮ͠Β͍
    • ࠓ೔ͷ಺༰΋౿·͑ͭͭɺݸผͷঢ়گʹԠͨ͡ద੾ͳ൑அΛ͍ͯͩ͘͠͞
    2
    ຊ೔ͷࢿྉ

    View full-size slide

  3. 2023/05/20 AWS CDK CONFERENCE JAPAN ͋Δ͋Δ͓೰Έʹ౴͍͑ͨ
    © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates.
    Twitter: #jawsug_cdk
    ࣗݾ঺հ
    ༑Ԭ խࢤ Prototyping Engineer @AWS Japan
    લ৬
    mBaaS։ൃŋӡ༻ (Rails, Sinatra, Ruby, MySQL)
    ϞόΠϧήʔϜΫϥΠΞϯτ։ൃ (Unity, C#)
    CDKܦݧ
    ্هmBaaSΛAWSҠߦ͢Δࡍʹ࠾༻ (2019/12 - 2020/10)
    ϓϩτλΠϓ։ൃʹར༻ (2020/11 -)
    AWSࣾ಺αʔϏεͷӡ༻։ൃ (2021/7 - 2022/3)
    ࠷ۙ࡞ͬͨ΋ͷ: aws-samples/jenkins-unity-build-on-aws Twitter: @tmokmss
    3

    View full-size slide

  4. 2023/05/20 AWS CDK CONFERENCE JAPAN ͋Δ͋Δ͓೰Έʹ౴͍͑ͨ
    © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates.
    Twitter: #jawsug_cdk
    ͓඼ॻ͖
    • ͲͷϓϩάϥϛϯάݴޠΛ࢖͏΂͖ʁ
    • ελοΫ͸ͲͷΑ͏ʹ෼͚Δʁ
    • ελοΫ಺ͷίʔυ͕ࢄΒ͔͖ͬͯͨΜ͚ͩͲ…
    • L1 / L2 / L3ίϯετϥΫτɺͲΕΛ࢖͏΂͖ʁ
    • ؀ڥΛ૿΍͢ํ๏͸ʁ
    • ࣗಈςετͲ͏͢Δʁ
    4
    ؍఺ (FAQͷதͰ΋): OR৚݅
    • ൑அ͕೉͍͠΋ͷ
    • 1 way doorͳܾஅʹͳΔ΋ͷ
    • ஌Βͳ͍ͱଛ͢Δ஌ࣝ

    View full-size slide

  5. 2023/05/20 AWS CDK CONFERENCE JAPAN ͋Δ͋Δ͓೰Έʹ౴͍͑ͨ
    © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates.
    Twitter: #jawsug_cdk
    TypeScript
    (JSؚΉ)
    Python
    Java
    .NET
    Go
    2022 CDK community survey
    CDKϢʔβʔͷར༻ݴޠൺ཰ n=122
    5
    Q. ͲͷݴޠΛ࢖͏΂͖͔
    • ಛผͳཧ༝͕ͳ͍ݶΓ͸ TypeScript ͕͓͢͢Ίɻཧ༝:
    1. Ϣʔβʔ਺͕࠷ଟ (ӈਤ) → ৘ใ͕ଟ͍ɺಓ͕੔උ͞Ε͍ͯΔ
    2. ίϯετϥΫτϥΠϒϥϦͷpublish਺͕࠷ଟ (constructs.dev)
    • TypeScriptΛ100%ͱͯ͠ Python: 80% .NET: 56% Java: 53% Go: 12% (2022/10࣌఺)
    • ཧ࿦্͸શݴޠͰ࢖͑Δ(jsii)ͷ͕ͩɺ୯ʹϥΠϒϥϦ࡞ऀ͕publish͍ͯ͠ͳ͍
    3. ֶशίετ͕ൺֱత௿͍ (Ϋηͷͳ͍จ๏ɻCDKΛॻ͘ఔ౓ͳΒ…)
    • ͨͩ͠: CDKͷػೳࣗମ͸ͲͷݴޠͰ΋ࠩͳ͠ (jsii͕ͦΕΛอূ)
    • ։ൃऀʹڧ͍޷Έ͕͋Δ৔߹͸ɺͦͷݴޠΛ࢖͏ͷ͸શવΞϦ (׳ΕͨݴޠΛ࢖͑Δͷ͕CDKͷັྗ)
    • ࢀߟ: TypeScriptͷCDKίʔυ͸ػցతʹଞݴޠ΁ॻ͖׵͑Մೳ Translating from TypeScript
    • ࣗಈ຋༁: AWS CDK Translator

    View full-size slide

  6. 2023/05/20 AWS CDK CONFERENCE JAPAN ͋Δ͋Δ͓೰Έʹ౴͍͑ͨ
    © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates.
    Twitter: #jawsug_cdk
    Q. ελοΫ͸Ͳ͏෼͚Δͷ͕ྑ͍ʁ
    • جຊϧʔϧ: ඞཁ͕ͳ͍ͳΒ෼͚ͳ͍
    • ελοΫΛ෼͚Δͱେ఍ͷ৔߹ελοΫؒͷґଘؔ܎͕ੜ͡Δ (ελοΫؒࢀরͳͲ)
    • ελοΫؒࢀর͸։ൃŋӡ༻্͍͔ͭ͘ͷ໘౗ΛҾ͖ى͕ͪ͜͠ (ޙड़)
    • ελοΫΛ෼͚Δඞཁ͕͋Δ৔߹ͷ୅දྫ
    1. CloudFormationͷϋʔυϦϛοτʹ౰ͨΔͱ͖ (Ϧιʔε਺500ͳͲ)
    2. ΞΧ΢ϯτ΍ϦʔδϣϯΛލ͍ͩσϓϩΠ͕ඞཁͳͱ͖
    3. ϦιʔεΛσϓϩΠ͢ΔؒʹCloudFormation֎ͷૢ࡞͕ඞཁͳͱ͖
    • ྫ: όοΫΤϯυͷσϓϩΠ → ϑϩϯτΤϯυͷ؀ڥม਺ (Cognito Pool IDͳͲ) ΛຒΊࠐΜͰϏϧυ → ϑϩϯτΤϯυͷσϓϩΠ
    • ඞཁ͕͋Δ͔Ͳ͏͔Θ͔Βͳ͍ͱ͖ → ෼͚Δ͜ͱͰ۩ମతͳϝϦοτ͕͋Δ͔ߟ͑Δ
    • Ϧιʔεͷॴ༗ऀ͕ҟͳΔ৔߹ͳͲɺ্هͷඞཁੑ͕ͳͯ͘΋෼ׂ͕߹ཧతͳ৔߹΋͋Γ
    6
    νʔϜؒͷಠཱੑΛอͭखஈͱͯ͠ɺ
    App͝ͱ෼͚Δબ୒ࢶ΋͋Δ

    View full-size slide

  7. 2023/05/20 AWS CDK CONFERENCE JAPAN ͋Δ͋Δ͓೰Έʹ౴͍͑ͨ
    © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates.
    Twitter: #jawsug_cdk
    ελοΫΛ෼͚Δ͜ͱͷσϝϦοτ
    1. ελοΫؒࢀরʹΑΓɺ॥؀ґଘ΍σϓϩΠ࣌ͷ޻෉ͳͲ௥Ճͷߟྀ͕ඞཁʹ (ҎԼ͸Ұྫ)
    • ӈਤͷঢ়ଶͰҎԼͷૢ࡞Λ͢ΔͱσϓϩΠ΍synthʹࣦഊ͢Δ
    1. Parent͔ΒChildͷϦιʔεΛࢀর
    (॥؀ґଘ)
    2. ChildStack಺ͷLambda FunctionΛ࡟আ
    (มߋͷڝ߹ɺཧ༝͸࣍ͷεϥΠυ)
    • ճආ͸Մೳ (ޙड़)ɻ։ൃମݧͷѱԽ͕՝୊
    2. σϓϩΠ͕ಷԽ
    • ґଘؔ܎ͷ͋ΔελοΫ͸ಉ࣌ʹσϓϩΠͰ͖ͳ͍ → σϓϩΠͷฒྻ౓੍͕ݶ͞ΕΔ
    3. ద੾ͳ෼͚ํΛઃܭ͢Δͷ͕େม
    7
    ParentStack
    DynamoDB Table
    Stack export: TableName
    ChildStack
    Lambda Function
    (ςʔϒϧ໊Λࢀর)
    Fn:ImportValue

    View full-size slide

  8. 2023/05/20 AWS CDK CONFERENCE JAPAN ͋Δ͋Δ͓೰Έʹ౴͍͑ͨ
    © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates.
    Twitter: #jawsug_cdk
    ิ଍: ελοΫͷσϓϩΠʹࣦഊ͢Δ࢓૊Έ
    8
    ParentStack
    DynamoDB Table
    Stack export: TableName
    ChildStack
    Lambda Function
    (ςʔϒϧ໊Λࢀর)
    Fn:ImportValue
    ParentStack
    DynamoDB Table
    Stack export: TableName
    ChildStack
    Lambda Function
    (ςʔϒϧ໊Λࢀর)
    Fn:ImportValue
    લఏ
    ελοΫؒࢀরͷಛ௃:
    • ΤΫεϙʔτ͞ΕͨελοΫग़ྗ஋͕ਖ਼ମ
    • CDK͕ม਺ͷؔ܎ੑΛݟͯࣗಈͰ࡞੒
    • ࢀর͞Ε͍ͯΔग़ྗ஋͸࡟আͰ͖ͳ͍ (ڧ͍ࢀর)
    cdk deploy ͷॱং: Parent → Child
    ৽͍͠ParentStack͸Stack exportΛ࡟আ͠Α͏ͱ͢Δ͕ɺ
    ChildStack͸·ͩݹ͍΋ͷ͕σϓϩΠ͞Εͨ··
    ͭ·ΓTableName͸·ͩࢀর͞Ε͍ͯΔͷͰɺStack exportͷ࡟আʹࣦഊ͢Δ
    Lambdaؔ਺Λ࡟আͯ͠σϓϩΠΛࢼΈΔ
    σϓϩΠʹࣦഊʂ

    View full-size slide

  9. 2023/05/20 AWS CDK CONFERENCE JAPAN ͋Δ͋Δ͓೰Έʹ౴͍͑ͨ
    © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates.
    Twitter: #jawsug_cdk
    αʔϏεछผʹΑΔ෼͚ํ ػೳʹΑΔ෼͚ํ
    • Ұͭͷࢦඪ: ελοΫؒࢀরΛͰ͖Δ͚ͩগͳ͘͢Δ
    • ϦιʔεؒͷґଘΛελοΫ಺Ͱ׬݁ͤ͞Δ
    • ֤ελοΫΛͰ͖Δ͚ͩಠཱͤ͞ΔΠϝʔδ
    ServiceB stack
    ServiceA stack
    Persistance stack
    Network stack
    Stateless stack
    ͦΕͰ΋ελοΫΛ෼͚͍ͨͱ͖͸
    ServiceA ServiceB
    Network
    Persistent
    Stateless
    1
    3
    1 (ελοΫؒࢀর਺)
    ※ ڽू౓ͷ࿩ʹ΋ؔ࿈
    ˙ ͸࿦ཧతڽूɺ˙ ͸ػೳతڽूʹ͍͔ۙ
    ελοΫؒࢀরͳ͠
    9

    View full-size slide

  10. 2023/05/20 AWS CDK CONFERENCE JAPAN ͋Δ͋Δ͓೰Έʹ౴͍͑ͨ
    © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates.
    Twitter: #jawsug_cdk
    ϚϧνελοΫ։ൃ࣌ͷTips – มߋͷڝ߹Λղফ͢Δ
    • -e, --exclusivelyϑϥάͰґଘؔ܎Λແࢹͯ͠σϓϩΠ͢Δ ࢀর
    • Stack.exportValueϝιουͰ໌ࣔతʹStack exportΛ࡞੒͢Δ
    • ελοΫؒࢀরΛ࢖Θͣʹ஋ΛελοΫؒͰड͚౉͢
    • SSMύϥϝʔλΛܦ༝͢Δɺ໋໊نଇʹԊͬͨ஋Λϋʔυίʔυ͢ΔͳͲ ↓
    • 2ஈ֊ʹ෼͚ͯσϓϩΠ͢Δ (࣍ͷϖʔδ)
    10
    ChildStackͷΈΛઌʹσϓϩΠ͢Ε͹ɺ
    Stack export͸ෆཁʹͳΓɺมߋ͸ڝ߹͠ͳ͍
    ChildStack͕ݩʑඞཁͱͨ͠஋Λ໌ࣔతʹexport
    Stack export͕อ࣋͞Εɺมߋ͸ڝ߹͠ͳ͍
    exclusive deploy
    CDKͰελοΫؒͷύϥϝʔλʔΛड͚౉͢5ͭͷํ๏ͱ
    έʔεผͷ࠷దղʹ͍ͭͯߟ͑ͯΈͨ

    View full-size slide

  11. 2023/05/20 AWS CDK CONFERENCE JAPAN ͋Δ͋Δ͓೰Έʹ౴͍͑ͨ
    © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates.
    Twitter: #jawsug_cdk
    2ஈ֊σϓϩΠͷྫ
    ParentStack ChildStack
    DynamoDB
    Table v1
    Lambdaؔ਺
    TableNameΛࢀর
    ParentStack ChildStack
    DynamoDB
    Table v2
    Lambdaؔ਺
    TableNameΛࢀর
    DynamoDB
    Table v1
    11
    ParentStack ChildStack
    DynamoDB
    Table v2
    Lambdaؔ਺
    ͜ͷExport͸·ͩ࡟আͰ͖ͳ͍
    exportValueͰ໌ࣔతʹ࢒͢
    TableNameΛࢀর
    Deploy#1
    Deploy#2
    ॳظঢ়ଶ
    தؒঢ়ଶ
    ࠷ऴঢ়ଶ
    Deploy#2
    Ͱ࡟আ
    ※ ࠓճ͸৽چςʔϒϧؒͷσʔλҠߦΛߟྀ͍ͯ͠ͳ͍

    View full-size slide

  12. 2023/05/20 AWS CDK CONFERENCE JAPAN ͋Δ͋Δ͓೰Έʹ౴͍͑ͨ
    © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates.
    Twitter: #jawsug_cdk
    ϚϧνελοΫ։ൃ࣌ͷTips – ॥؀ґଘΛղফ͢Δ
    ελοΫͷ॥؀ґଘ: 2ͭͷελοΫ͕ޓ͍ͷStack exportΛࢀর͋͠͏ঢ়ଶ
    ParentStack ChildStack
    Security
    group
    Security
    group
    VPC Lambda
    Subnet IDΛࢀর
    Ingress rule
    Security group IDΛࢀর
    Ingress rule
    Error: 'Stack2' depends on 'Stack1' ({Stack2/Handler/ServiceRole/Resource}.addDependency({Stack1/Vpc/IsolatedSubnet1/RouteTableAssociation}),…
    ). Adding this dependency (Stack1 -> Stack2/Handler/SecurityGroup/Resource.GroupId) would create a cyclic reference.
    12
    ґଘؔ܎ͷํ޲Λҙ࣮ࣝͨ͠૷Ͱճආ
    ྫ: ͜ͷґଘ͸NG
    ґଘ͸ยํ޲ͷΈڐ͞ΕΔ
    ※ ্هͰ͸ճආͰ͖ͳ͍͜ͱ΋ɻGitHubͰIssueΛ୳͢ɾཱͯΔͷ΋खɻ

    View full-size slide

  13. 2023/05/20 AWS CDK CONFERENCE JAPAN ͋Δ͋Δ͓೰Έʹ౴͍͑ͨ
    © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates.
    Twitter: #jawsug_cdk
    ϚϧνελοΫ։ൃ࣌ͷTips – ॥؀ґଘΛղফ͢Δ
    ελοΫͷ॥؀ґଘ: 2ͭͷελοΫ͕ޓ͍ͷStack exportΛࢀর͋͠͏ঢ়ଶ
    ParentStack ChildStack
    Security
    group
    Security
    group
    VPC Lambda
    Subnet IDΛࢀর
    Ingress rule
    Security group IDΛࢀর
    Ingress rule
    Error: 'Stack2' depends on 'Stack1' ({Stack2/Handler/ServiceRole/Resource}.addDependency({Stack1/Vpc/IsolatedSubnet1/RouteTableAssociation}),…
    ). Adding this dependency (Stack1 -> Stack2/Handler/SecurityGroup/Resource.GroupId) would create a cyclic reference.
    13
    ґଘؔ܎ͷํ޲Λҙ࣮ࣝͨ͠૷Ͱճආ
    ྫ: ͜ͷґଘ͸NG
    ґଘ͸ยํ޲ͷΈڐ͞ΕΔ
    ΠςϨʔςΟϒͳ։ൃͰ͸
    ͋·Γߟ͑ͨ͘ͳ͍൥Θ͠͞
    ͤΊͯ։ൃ؀ڥͰ͸γϯάϧελοΫʹ
    อͬͯ͸͍͔͕ʁ
    ※ ্هͰ͸ճආͰ͖ͳ͍͜ͱ΋ɻGitHubͰIssueΛ୳͢ɾཱͯΔͷ΋खɻ

    View full-size slide

  14. 2023/05/20 AWS CDK CONFERENCE JAPAN ͋Δ͋Δ͓೰Έʹ౴͍͑ͨ
    © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates.
    Twitter: #jawsug_cdk
    Q. Stackͷίʔυ͕ࢄΒ͔͖ͬͯͨ
    • ϦιʔεΛϑϥοτʹϕλॻ͖͢Δͱɺೝ஌ෛՙ͕ߴ·Δ
    • Ϧιʔεͷґଘؔ܎͕Θ͔ΓͮΒ͔ͬͨΓɺεΫϩʔϧྔ͕૿͑ͨΓ
    • OOPʹ͓͚ΔΫϥεઃܭͷॏཁੑʹ΋ྨࣅ
    • ந৅ → ۩ମ ͷॱΛ෼͔Γ΍͍͢ͱײ͡Δਓ͸ଟ͍ (Օ৚ॻ͖ͱಉ͡)
    • ίϯετϥΫτΛ࢖ͬͯߏ଄Խ͢Δͷ͕͓͢͢Ί
    ü Ϧιʔεͷू߹Λҙຯͷ͋Δ୯ҐͰ·ͱΊΔ
    ü ϞδϡʔϧԽͷར఺Λڗड (࠶ར༻ੑɺந৅ԽͳͲ)
    ü ID (ୈ2Ҿ਺) ͷָ໋໊͕ʹ (ҰҙੑΛอͭείʔϓ͕ڱ·ΔͨΊ)
    14
    ೝূ
    Storage
    Lambda
    API
    ID

    View full-size slide

  15. 2023/05/20 AWS CDK CONFERENCE JAPAN ͋Δ͋Δ͓೰Έʹ౴͍͑ͨ
    © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates.
    Twitter: #jawsug_cdk
    ೝূ
    Storage
    Lambda
    API
    ίϯετϥΫτͰίʔυΛߏ଄Խ͢Δ
    15
    ↑ίϨ͘Β͍ͷཻ౓Ͱ·ͱ·͍ͬͯΔͱύοτݟͰߏ଄͕Θ͔Γ΍͍͢
    ͋ΔҙຯͰෳࡶ͞͸૿͢ͷͰɺํ਑͸νʔϜͰٞ࿦͢Δͱ 🙆
    vs
    ίʔυྫ

    View full-size slide

  16. 2023/05/20 AWS CDK CONFERENCE JAPAN ͋Δ͋Δ͓೰Έʹ౴͍͑ͨ
    © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates.
    Twitter: #jawsug_cdk
    CloudFormationίϯιʔϧͷTree View΋ݟ΍͘͢
    16
    ࢿྉ

    View full-size slide

  17. 2023/05/20 AWS CDK CONFERENCE JAPAN ͋Δ͋Δ͓೰Έʹ౴͍͑ͨ
    © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates.
    Twitter: #jawsug_cdk
    খωλ: ແ໊ίϯετϥΫτ (ͱɺݺΜͰΈΔ)
    • ίϯετϥΫτπϦʔͷ֓೦Λཧղ͢ΔͱḿΔ
    • ϑΝΠϧγεςϜͷσΟϨΫτϦπϦʔͰྨਪ͢Δͱָ
    • είʔϓ(ୈ1Ҿ਺)=਌σΟϨΫτϦ, ID(ୈ2Ҿ਺)=σΟϨΫτϦ໊
    • ͋ΔσΟϨΫτϦ(είʔϓ)ͷதʹಉ໊͡લ(ID)͸ଘࡏͰ͖ͳ͍
    • είʔϓ͸ඞͣ͠΋ this Ͱ͋Δඞཁ͸ͳ͍
    • ۭͷίϯετϥΫτΛͦͷ৔Ͱ࡞੒͠ɺ
    ଞͷίϯετϥΫτ͸ͦΕΛ਌ʹͰ͖Δ
    • ແ໊Ϋϥε΍ແ໊ؔ਺ʹྨࣅͯ͠·ͤΜʁ
    • Ϋϥεఆٛ͢Δ΄ͲͰ͸ͳ͍Μ͚ͩͲɺɺ
    ͱ͍͏ঢ়گʹ͸ศརʹ࢖͑Δ͔
    17
    Pro tip: ϒϥέοτ{} Ͱม਺ͷείʔϓ΋੍ޚՄೳ
    είʔϓ͕ҧ͏ͷͰಉ͡IDΛ࢖͑Δ
    ۭͷίϯετϥΫτ
    είʔϓͷࢦఆ

    View full-size slide

  18. 2023/05/20 AWS CDK CONFERENCE JAPAN ͋Δ͋Δ͓೰Έʹ౴͍͑ͨ
    © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates.
    Twitter: #jawsug_cdk
    ίϯετϥΫτΛ࡞Δͱ͖ͷTips
    ࢀর: AWS CDK Tips: ίϯετϥΫτͰߏ଄Խ͠Α͏
    1. ίϯετϥΫτͷ෼͚ํ
    • ελοΫͷ෼͚ํ΄ͲηϯγςΟϒͳ࿩୊Ͱ͸ͳ͍ (Լखʹ෼͚ͯ΋σϝϦοτ͕࿐ఄͮ͠Β͍)
    • ͨͩ͠εςʔτϑϧͳϦιʔε͸ޙ͔ΒϦϑΝΫλͮ͠Β͍ͷͰɺ৻ॏʹ
    • ਓ͕෼͔Γ΍͍͢୯ҐͰ·ͱΊΕ͹Ұ୴े෼ (จষ΍ΞʔΩਤॻ͘ͱ͖ͳͲ΋ࣗવͱҙࣝͯ͠Δ͸ͣ)
    2. ID=‘Default’ ʹΑΓ Logical IDΛ୹ॖ͢Δ Shorter AWS CDK Logical IDs
    • CFnʹΑΔࣗಈ໋໊ΛΘ͔Γ΍͘͢อͭͨΊ
    • ϦϑΝΫλͷͱ͖΋LogicalIDͷมߋΛ๷͙ͨΊʹ໾ཱͬͨΓ
    3. IDͷ໋໊͸PascalCase͕͓͢͢Ί Construct ID͸ύεΧϧέʔεͰ໋໊͢Δͷ͕ྑ͍
    • CFnʹΑΔࣗಈ໋໊ΛΘ͔Γ΍͘͢อͭͨΊ
    18
    ID

    View full-size slide

  19. 2023/05/20 AWS CDK CONFERENCE JAPAN ͋Δ͋Δ͓೰Έʹ౴͍͑ͨ
    © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates.
    Twitter: #jawsug_cdk
    Q. L1 / L2 / L3 ίϯετϥΫτ ͲΕΛ࢖͏ʁ
    • ந৅౓ʹΑΓίϯετϥΫτ͸L1~L3ʹେผ͞ΕΔ (ӈਤ)
    • جຊతʹ͸L2+Λੵۃతʹ࢖͏΄͏͕CDKͷར఺Λڗड͠΍͍͢
    • grantXxx, allowFromͳͲʹΑΔந৅Խ΋ڧྗ
    • ந৅ԽʹΑͬͯॊೈੑΛࣦΘͳ͍ͨΊʹ
    1. ࣗ૊৫ͰίϯετϥΫτΛ࡞੒ɾ؅ཧ͢Δ
    • ࣗ༝ʹमਖ਼Մೳͳͷ͕ڧΈɻεχϖοτͱͯ͠࢖͍ճ͢΋͋Γ
    2. ެࣜɾαʔυύʔςΟͷίϯετϥΫτ͸…
    • ϑΥʔΫ͢Δ or ίϯτϦϏϡʔτ (Pull RequestΛૹΔ)
    • ޙऀ͸ΤίγεςϜͷڧԽͱ͍͏ҙຯͰ͸ཧ૝త (࣌ʹେม)
    3. Escape hatch ʹΑΔΦʔόʔϥΠυ (࠷ޙʹͯ͠࠷ڧͷํ๏)
    • ࣍ͷεϥΠυͰৄ͘͠঺հ 19
    ந৅౓௿
    ॊೈੑ
    ந৅౓ߴ
    ੜ࢈ੑ
    L1 L2 L3

    View full-size slide

  20. 2023/05/20 AWS CDK CONFERENCE JAPAN ͋Δ͋Δ͓೰Έʹ౴͍͑ͨ
    © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates.
    Twitter: #jawsug_cdk
    L2 / L3ίϯετϥΫτͰॊೈੑΛऔΓ໭͢ - Escape hatchฤ
    • ·ΕʹΑ͘ඞཁͳΠϯλʔϑΣʔεΛL2+Ͱ͸ར༻Ͱ͖ͳ͍৔߹͕͋Δ
    • ͜ͷ఺Λཧ༝ʹCFnͷ΄͏͕CDKΑΓྑ͍ͱݴΘΕΔ͜ͱ΋͋Δ͕ɺඞͣ͠΋ͦ͏Ͱ͸ͳ͍
    • Escape hatchΛ࢖͑͹ɺL1ͱಉϨϕϧʹॊೈͳૢ࡞͕Մೳ
    20
    ྫ: Lambda RoleͷPolicy໊Λมߋ͢Δ
    Escape hatchͰL1 constructΛ௚઀৮ΔCDKίʔυ
    MetadataΛݟΕ͹Ϧιʔεͷύε͕෼͔Δ
    ߹੒ޙͷCloudFormationςϯϓϨʔτ
    ύεʹԊͬͯίϯετϥΫτπϦʔΛ۷Δ
    ৄࡉ: Abstractions and escape hatches
    ೚ҙͷϓϩύςΟΛΦʔόʔϥΠυͰ͖ΔΠϯλʔϑΣʔε

    View full-size slide

  21. 2023/05/20 AWS CDK CONFERENCE JAPAN ͋Δ͋Δ͓೰Έʹ౴͍͑ͨ
    © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates.
    Twitter: #jawsug_cdk
    Q. ෳ਺؀ڥ޲͚ʹςϯϓϨʔτͷఆٛΛ͢Δʹ͸ʁ
    Dev/Staging/ProdͳͲෳ਺ͷ؀ڥΛͲ͏͏·͘ఆٛ͢Δ͔ʁ
    ࠷௿ݶɺҎԼΛͲ͏͢Δ͔ߟ͍͑ͨ:
    1. ؀ڥ͝ͱʹύϥϝʔλΛઃఆ͢Δํ๏
    • ྫ: Auroraʹ͍ͭͯɺDev؀ڥ͸ t3ΠϯελϯεɾProd؀ڥ͸m6gΠϯελϯεΛ࢖͏
    2. ؀ڥ͝ͱʹελοΫఆٛΛग़͠෼͚Δํ๏
    • ҰͭͷCDKίʔυ͔Βෳ਺ͷ؀ڥ༻ελοΫΛsynth͍ͨ͠
    • ྫ: Dev؀ڥ༻ɺProd؀ڥ༻ͷελοΫΛͲ͏ఆٛ͢Δ͔
    21

    View full-size slide

  22. 2023/05/20 AWS CDK CONFERENCE JAPAN ͋Δ͋Δ͓೰Έʹ౴͍͑ͨ
    © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates.
    Twitter: #jawsug_cdk
    ؀ڥ͝ͱʹύϥϝʔλΛઃఆ͢Δํ๏
    • ύϥϝʔλΛ؅ཧ͢Δ৔ॴΛܾΊΔ
    • ӈ͸୅දྫ5ͭ (ଞʹ΋ແݶʹߟ͑ΒΕΔ)
    • ࣍ϖʔδʹৄ͍͠ൺֱදΛهࡌ
    • ಡΈࠐΜͩύϥϝʔλΛελοΫ΍
    ίϯετϥΫτͷPropsʹ౉͢૝ఆ
    22

    View full-size slide

  23. 2023/05/20 AWS CDK CONFERENCE JAPAN ͋Δ͋Δ͓೰Έʹ౴͍͑ͨ
    © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates.
    Twitter: #jawsug_cdk
    ؀ڥ͝ͱʹύϥϝʔλΛઃఆ͢Δํ๏ - ൺֱද
    23
    (ॱෆಉ) ֓ཁ Pros Cons
    1.
    Context variable
    cdk.json΍ –c ΦϓγϣϯͰ
    ࢦఆ
    cdk deploy –c env=dev
    CDKඪ४ؔ਺ (tryGetContext) Ͱ஋
    ΛऔಘͰ͖Δ͜ͱͷެࣜײ
    JSONʹΑΔinteroperabilityͷߴ͞
    (ଞπʔϧͰJSONΛੜ੒ͨ͠ΓͳͲ)
    ஋ͷValidationʹҰ޻෉ඞཁ (JSON
    SchemaͳͲ)
    JSONͷදݱྗʹറΒΕΔ (CDKͷܕ
    DurationͳͲ͸࢖͑ͳ͍)
    2. ؀ڥม਺ CDKίϚϯυ࣮ߦ࣌ʹ؀ڥ
    ม਺Λࢦఆ
    ENV=dev cdk deploy
    CDKҎ֎ͷք۾Ͱ΋ඪ४తͳํ๏
    CIπʔϧͷઃఆͰ্ॻ͖Ͱ͖ΔͳͲ
    Ԡ༻ํ๏͸ଟ͍͔΋
    ؀ڥม਺͸จࣈྻܕͷΈ
    ؀ڥม਺Λ؅ཧ͢Δ৔ॴΛߟ͑Δ
    ඞཁ͋Γ
    3. ֤ݴޠͷ
    ΦϒδΣΫτ
    CDKͷݴޠͰύϥϝʔλΛ
    ϋʔυίʔυ͢Δ
    (e.g. TypeScriptͷobject)
    จࣈྻŋ਺ࣈҎ֎ͷܕ͕࢖͑Δ
    (Duration΍ec2.InstanceTypeͳͲ)
    खܰʹܕ҆શ
    ݴޠ͕ݻఆ͞ΕΔɺಈతͳੜ੒ʹෆ
    ޲͖ͳͲinteroperability͕ඞཁͳঢ়
    گͰ͸೉͍͕͠ɺك
    4. Secrets Manager
    ParameterStore
    CDK֎ͰύϥϝʔλΛ࡞੒
    deploy࣌ʹCFn͕஋Λಡࠐ
    ൿಗ৘ใ(API keyͳͲ)ΛCDKίʔυ
    ΍CFnςϯϓϨʔτ͔ΒӅṭͰ͖Δ
    ύϥϝʔλͷॳظԽʹ௥Ճखॱඞཁ
    ύϥϝʔλͷARNͷ؅ཧ΋ඞཁ
    5. CfnParameter CloudFormationͷ
    ParameterػೳΛ࢖͏
    synthޙʹσϓϩΠ಺༰ΛมߋՄೳ
    ߹੒ͨ͠CFnςϯϓϨʔτΛ഑෍͠
    ͍ͨ৔߹ʹ͸༗ޮ
    CFnΛҙࣝ͢Δඞཁ͕͋ΓɺૉͷCDK
    ΑΓॻ͖ʹ͍͘
    ಛघͳঢ়گΛআ͍ͯϝϦοτ͸ബ͍
    ݸਓతͳ࢖͍෼͚: σϑΥϧτ͸3ɺඞཁʹԠͯ͡2/4/5

    View full-size slide

  24. 2023/05/20 AWS CDK CONFERENCE JAPAN ͋Δ͋Δ͓೰Έʹ౴͍͑ͨ
    © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates.
    Twitter: #jawsug_cdk
    Q. ෳ਺؀ڥ޲͚ʹςϯϓϨʔτͷఆٛΛ͢Δʹ͸ʁ
    Dev/Staging/ProdͳͲෳ਺ͷ؀ڥΛͲ͏͏·͘ఆٛ͢Δ͔ʁ
    ࠷௿ݶɺҎԼΛͲ͏͢Δ͔ߟ͍͑ͨ:
    1. ؀ڥ͝ͱʹύϥϝʔλΛઃఆ͢Δํ๏
    • ྫ: Auroraʹ͍ͭͯɺDev؀ڥ͸ t3ΠϯελϯεɾProd؀ڥ͸m6gΠϯελϯεΛ࢖͏
    2. ؀ڥ͝ͱʹελοΫఆٛΛग़͠෼͚Δํ๏
    • ҰͭͷCDKίʔυ͔Βෳ਺ͷ؀ڥ༻ελοΫΛsynth͍ͨ͠
    • ྫ: Dev؀ڥ༻ɺProd؀ڥ༻ͷελοΫΛͲ͏ఆٛ͢Δ͔
    24

    View full-size slide

  25. 2023/05/20 AWS CDK CONFERENCE JAPAN ͋Δ͋Δ͓೰Έʹ౴͍͑ͨ
    © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates.
    Twitter: #jawsug_cdk
    ؀ڥ͝ͱʹελοΫఆٛΛग़͠෼͚Δํ๏
    ελοΫఆٛํ๏ͷ୅දྫ (௨ৗ bin/xxx.ts ʹॻ͘ΞϨ)
    • Dynamicύλʔϯ
    • 1ͭͷελοΫఆٛΛ࢖͍ճ͢ StackͷID͸֎෦͔Β஫ೖ
    • Staticύλʔϯ1
    • ؀ڥͷ਺͚ͩελοΫΛϋʔυίʔυ͢Δ
    • DynamicΑΓApp಺ͷελοΫߏ੒͕෼͔Γ΍͍͢
    • Staticύλʔϯ2
    • ελοΫͷΫϥεఆٛࣗମΛ؀ڥ͝ͱʹ࢖͍෼͚Δ
    • ؀ڥ͝ͱʹϦιʔεͷߏ੒ŋελοΫ෼ׂΛม͍͑ͨ࣌ͳͲʹ༗ޮ
    • ؀ڥͷҰக౓͕௿Լ͢ΔϦεΫ͋Γ
    25
    ※ Staticύλʔϯ͸synthͷ͕࣌ؒ௕͘ͳΓ͕ͪɻ
    ؀ڥม਺౳Ͱ৚݅෼ذ͠ɺෆཁͳnew Stack()Λ
    ඈ͹͢ͳͲͰճආ͸Մೳɻ
    ※ CDK PipelinesΛ࢖͏৔߹͸ɺ
    εςʔδͱ͍͏֓೦Ͱ͞Βʹϥοϓ͞ΕΔ

    View full-size slide

  26. 2023/05/20 AWS CDK CONFERENCE JAPAN ͋Δ͋Δ͓೰Έʹ౴͍͑ͨ
    © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates.
    Twitter: #jawsug_cdk
    Q. ࣗಈςετ͸Ͳ͏͢Δʁ࠷௿ݶ͸…
    • ඞਢ: εφοϓγϣοτςετ (synthޙͷCFnςϯϓϨʔτΛൺֱ͢Δςετ)
    • CDKͷόʔδϣϯΞοϓ࣌ͳͲʹɺҙਤ͠ͳ͍มߋ͕ੜ͍ͯ͡ͳ͍͜ͱΛݕূ͢ΔͨΊ
    • ࣮૷΋ۃΊͯ؆୯ (※ ݴޠ͝ͱͷςετϥΠϒϥϦΛ׆༻) ࣮૷ྫ: Testing constructs – Snapshot test
    • ೚ҙ: ΠϯςάϨʔγϣϯςετ (࣮ࡍʹAWS؀ڥʹσϓϩΠ͢Δςετ)
    • ΧελϜϦιʔεͷ࣮૷΍CloudFormationଆͷόϦσʔγϣϯΛݕূ͢ΔͨΊ
    • ςετ༻AWS؀ڥΛ༻ҙͯ͠౎౓σϓϩΠ͢Δͷ͕खܰͳखஈ (dev؀ڥΛ࢖͏ͳͲ)
    • Integ-runner ΍ integ-tests ͱ͍ͬͨϥΠϒϥϦ΋ఏڙ͞Ε͍ͯΔ (·ͩalpha)
    • ೚ҙ: Fine-grained assertions (ςϯϓϨʔτʹର͢Δࡉ΍͔ͳݕূ)
    • ࣗࣾϙϦγʔ΁ͷίϯϓϥΠΞϯεΛݕূ͢ΔͳͲ cdk-nagͳͲͰҰൠతͳ੬ऑੑݕࠪ͸Մೳ
    26
    ※ pdk-nag: ϓϩτλΠϐϯά޲͚ͷɺΑΓ؇͍ϧʔϧηοτ

    View full-size slide

  27. 2023/05/20 AWS CDK CONFERENCE JAPAN ͋Δ͋Δ͓೰Έʹ౴͍͑ͨ
    © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates.
    Twitter: #jawsug_cdk
    CDK։ൃαΠΫϧͷҰྫ
    ݸਓతʹΑ͋͘ΔCDK։ൃͷྲྀΕΛࢀߟ·Ͱʹ (non-TDD):
    • ࣮૷ → σϓϩΠ → ಈ࡞֬ೝ͕جຊαΠΫϧ
    • σϓϩΠͯ͠खಈͷݕূΛ͢Δεςοϓ͸Ͳ͏ͯ͠΋ඞཁ
    • ͢΂ͯ֬ೝͰ͖ͨΒɺεφοϓγϣοτΛ࡞Δ
    • Ҏޙ͸εφοϓγϣοτͱͷࠩ෼ΛϨϏϡʔ͢Ε͹มԽΛ௥͑Δ
    • ςετࣗಈԽͷॏཁੑ͸IaCͷมߋස౓ʹԠͯ͡΋มΘΔ
    • ҆ఆޙ΋εφοϓγϣοτͷࠩ෼ϨϏϡʔ͕ͭΒ͍Ϩϕϧͩͱɺ
    ͦͷଞͷςετΛࣗಈԽ͢ΔΞϓϩʔν΋߹ཧతʹͳΔ͔
    27
    CDK࣮૷
    σϓϩΠ
    ಈ࡞֬ೝ
    εφοϓγϣοτ࡞੒
    ϝϯςφϯε
    ͋Δػೳ։ൃͷϥΠϑαΠΫϧ

    View full-size slide

  28. 2023/05/20 AWS CDK CONFERENCE JAPAN ͋Δ͋Δ͓೰Έʹ౴͍͑ͨ
    © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates.
    Twitter: #jawsug_cdk
    ·ͱΊ
    • AWS CDK։ൃʹ൐͏ҙࢥܾఆͷϙΠϯτɺFAQ΁ͷߟ͑ํΛ·ͱΊ·ͨ͠
    • ͦΕͧΕͷPros/ConsΛߟ্͑ͨͰదٓ࠷దͳํ๏Λߟ͑Δ͜ͱ͕͓͢͢Ί
    • ͨͩ͠ɺ೰Έଓ͚ͯ։ൃ͕ࢭ·Δ͘Β͍ͳΒɺͱΓ͋͑ͣࢼ͠ͳ͕Βߟ͑Δํ͕ྑ͍Ͱ͢Ͷʂ
    • IaC࢖Θ(͑)ͳ͍ <<< (ӽ͑ΒΕͳ͍น) <<< CDK࢖͑Δ < CDK͏·͘࢖͑Δ
    • جຊͷߟ͑ํ: ඞཁͷͳ͍ݶΓෳࡶԽ͸͠ͳ͍
    • ίϨΛҙࣝ͢Δͱଟ͘ͷ৔߹ແବͷͳ͍ίʔυʹͳΔ͸ͣʂ
    ຅ωλ
    • CDKίʔυΛϦϑΝΫλ͍ͨ͠
    • طଘͷϦιʔεΛCDK؅ཧԼʹऔΓࠐΉ
    • σΟϨΫτϦߏ੒ɺetc…
    28
    ࠓޙ AWS Black BeltγϦʔζ ͰΧόʔ͞ΕΔ༧ఆͰ͢ʂ

    View full-size slide

  29. 2023/05/20 AWS CDK CONFERENCE JAPAN ͋Δ͋Δ͓೰Έʹ౴͍͑ͨ
    © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates.
    Twitter: #jawsug_cdk
    ܦݧஊ΋ฉ͖͍ͨ
    AWS Dev Day 2023ͰBLEAνʔϜ͔Βൃද༧ఆ
    օ༷ͷAWS CDKܦݧஊɾۤ࿑࿩΋ͥͻ͝ڞ༗͍ͩ͘͞ʂ
    29

    View full-size slide

  30. 2023/05/20 AWS CDK CONFERENCE JAPAN ͋Δ͋Δ͓೰Έʹ౴͍͑ͨ
    © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates.
    Twitter: #jawsug_cdk
    ࢀߟࢿྉ
    • Best practices for developing and deploying cloud infrastructure with the AWS CDK
    • CDKʹؔ͢ΔϕετϓϥΫςΟεͷݪయɻ
    • JAWS CDKࢧ෦ͷΠϕϯτ࿥ը
    • ࠃ಺։ൃऀͷ஌ݟڞ༗ͷ৔ɻ೔ຊͷCDKίϛϡχςΟ͸ੈքతʹݟͯ΋׆ൃʂ
    • cdk.dev
    • άϩʔόϧͳCDKίϛϡχςΟSlackɻͪ͜Β΋׆ൃͰɺ೔໷࣭໰΍ٞ࿦͕ඈͼަ͍ͬͯ·͢
    • Twitter CDK JP Community
    • ίϛϡχςΟࢀՃऀΛϑΥϩʔ͢Δͱ͍Ζ͍Ζͳҙݟ͕࢕͑·͢ɻ։ൃऀͷϒϩά͸ಛʹࢀߟʹͳΔʂ
    • The CDK Book
    • CDKʹؔ͢Δ஌͕ࣝ໢ཏతʹ·ͱ·ͬͨॻ੶ɻCDKϚχΞͳΒങͬͯ΋ଛ͸ͳ͍͸ͣ
    30

    View full-size slide

  31. 2023/05/20 AWS CDK CONFERENCE JAPAN ͋Δ͋Δ͓೰Έʹ౴͍͑ͨ
    © 2023, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates.
    Twitter: #jawsug_cdk
    Thank you!
    © 2022, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates.
    Masashi Tomooka
    [email protected]
    tmokmss

    View full-size slide